Imagine surgical robots operating on patients lying on the surgery table. No, we are not talking about what it would be like in a parallel universe. Over the last decade, surgical robots have literally transformed the way doctors operate and how patients recover. Robotic surgery helps surgeons to be extremely accurate during complex surgical procedures. Wonder how surgical robots operate? In a robotic surgery procedure, three to four robotic arms are inserted into the patient through small incisions. Ideally, one arm has a camera on the end, two arms act as the surgeon’s hands, and a fourth may be used to eliminate any blockage out of the way. Robotic surgery is often referred to as ‘da Vinci surgery robotic system.’ The da Vinci system is robotic – it uses robotic arms and instruments to assist the surgeon. Surgeons carry out the procedure in the same sense as if wielding the tools of the trade in their own hands, the only difference, in this case, is that the instruments are in the form of robotic ‘hands.’ However, the surgeon is always and in every way in control of the entire surgery. The da Vinci system is not programmed to perform the procedures; it does not take any independent decisions and in fact, makes no movements that aren’t originated by the surgeon. Here are three reasons why robotic surgery is becoming highly popular among surgeons as well as the patients:
In case of robotic surgery, the surgeons need not use their hands to access the patient’s body directly. Therefore, the incisions are much smaller than in conventional surgery. The robotic arms also filter out the tremors in the surgeon’s hands to reduce the chance of accidental nicks or punctures that can cause bleeding or infections in the patient’s body. Using surgical robots is a great option for patients who require a procedure in hard-to-reach areas of the body. These areas might have major blood vessels or other vital organs located nearby, which can make the surgery extremely risky. Surgery on these areas would typically require a more substantial incision to have more room for the surgeon to get more clarity on what they’re doing. This can be clearly avoided, and the surgery can be carried out with greater precision using surgical robots.
Since robotic surgery is known to be minimally invasive, it will likely take a patient’s body less time to recover when compared to that of traditional surgery. It is true that everyone is different, and the healing time depends on the particular circumstances. However, most people can resume normal activities, including working, within several weeks after a robotic-assisted surgery. Furthermore, with potentially shorter recovery time, patients will save on the typically high costs that are associated with inpatient hospital stays and get back to normal life more quickly. Also, due to less trauma to the body, patients are also likely to experience less scarring as they recover.
Reduced pain and blood loss
Smaller incisions and better precision ensure less pain during and after the robotic surgery are carried out. Moreover, the patients will also be less dependent on painkillers during recovery, reducing the risk of addiction. Blood loss during robotic surgery is minimal, and they generally avoid the need for blood transfusions. In other operations, blood loss can cause complications and result in even longer recovery times.