What is target market segmentation?
Target market segmentation involves determining how organizations can divide their customers into smaller groups based on characteristics including age, behavior, income, and personality traits. Product launch and marketing campaigns can be optimized by using target market segmentation strategy to reach out to the right set of customers/audience. Moreover, it also provides better response rates. An effective target market segmentation begins with a target market analysis which will correctly pinpoint the exact group of customers to choose. They help marketers define and understand specific buyer populations and leverage insights to deliver more relevant offers to customers.
Why do you need target market analysis?
Marketing or offering products/services to anyone and everyone will result in reaching out to customers who aren’t interested in your offerings. Thereby, the company would end up wasting its time and resources. Using target market analysis companies can easily determine how much the customers are willing to spend, how often they would purchase, and the strategies to adopt in order to keep up with the changing trends. A good target market segmentation strategy helps companies to maximize ROI and growth of the company. Most target market segmentation efforts are known to fail because inexperienced marketers attempt to segment a mass market based on one or two demographic characteristics. Generally, customer needs and behaviors don’t fit perfectly into one or two demographic characteristics. They depend on a variety of factors that can only be uncovered through a flawless target market segmentation process.
Steps involved in target market segmentation
Undertaking target market segmentation involves a set of steps, which include:
Identify target consumer market
The first step in target market segmentation is to clearly define the market. This means finding answers to key questions related to the customers in the target market. In-depth audience profiling will provide a comprehensive overview of the needs and expectations of the target customers in a particular market.
Divide the market
People attracted to the company’s products or services are likely to share certain characteristics. Identifying and defining these characteristics create market segments for target market segmentation. This step in target market segmentation process will help companies to refine their messaging and communication to specific customers. Developing customer personas and profile will help gather shared traits and consequently hone in on identifying patterns, gain insights into the trends, and bring in high-value customers.
Gather up-to-date and reliable data
Gathering information from third-party sources is one of the easiest ways to collect data for target market segmentation. It helps build a real-life picture of the industry that you operate in, the competition involved, and identify the potential customer base. However, knowing exactly what customers’ need often proves to be a challenging task. Companies must always keep tabs on how reliable their data is with respect to the changing customer needs and evolving market trends.
Leverage existing resources
Data can also be gathered from existing resources rather than completely relying on information collected from third-parties. Deep-diving into available information will provide insights into the company’s history or the industry, potential customers, and even the market competition. Primary research via directly interviewing customers is also a great source to collect data. Although a little more expensive compared to other methods, primary research gives companies data regarding what the customers really want. They can also provide answers to specific questions related to the business.
Track market competition
By keeping a close watch on the competitors in the market, companies can be well aware of what their products or services are up against and what tactics have to be adopted to compete effectively. Not only can businesses identify untapped customer groups, but also target them in marketing plans.
Include analysis in the business plan
Once the target segments are identified using the target market segmentation process, the final step in target market segmentation is to incorporate these different segments into the business plan. This helps make projections regarding who will buy the product and in what quantities. It will also aid in evaluating the possible peaks and troughs in demand.